Mahendra Singh Dhoni, the former captain of the Indian cricket team, is one of most recognizable name in the cricketing fraternity mainly because of his success as a captain.
He has captained the Indian side in limited overs from 2007 to 2016 and in the longer format from 2008 to 2014, and the attacking right-hander middle-order batsman cum wicketkeeper has given his country many trophies and many unforgettable moments to cherish.
The 36-year-old cricketer was born on 7 July 1981 in Ranchi, Jharkhand to parents Pan Singh Dhoni and Devaki Dhoni. Initially Dhoni had interest in badminton and football and played both the games in school level, but was later insisted to take up cricket by the school football coach.
Dhoni is the only captain who has won all the major tournaments of ICC, mainly 50-overs World Cup, T20 World Cup and Champions Trophy along with three IPL titles and two Champions League T20 titles.
All through his long and glittering career, MS Dhoni have had many records both on an individual level and for the team, as a player and as a captain.
MS Dhoni Captaincy Record
1. Dhoni has captained India in a total of 331 matches (60 Tests, 199 ODIs and 72 T20Is) which is the highest by any captain across all the formats of the game.
He surpasses the former Australia captain Ricky Ponting, who has a total of 324 matches in his credit, during a T20 match against Zimbabwe in 2016.
Dhoni holds a unique record of being the only captain who has led his country to 50 or more international matches in each format of the game.
2. Dhoni hold another unique and most vital record of his career as a captain. As he is the only captain to have won all the three major ICC limited-over tournaments.
He won the T20 World Cup in 2007 defeating Pakistan by 5 runs. He won the 50-overs World Cup in 2011 defeating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets. He won the Champions Trophy in 2013 defeating England by 5 runs.
Dhoni captained India in six finals of the limited-overs tournament, which involved the participation of five or more teams, and India has won in four of them, which is a joint record held by Dhoni.
3. Dhoni is the only wicket-keeper captain who has led his team in more 100 international matches. He has been the captain for India for 331 matches. The second best wicket-keeper captain is Mushfiqur Rahim of Bangladesh, who has captained 76 matches in all formats.
4. Dhoni is the first wicket-keeper to have 150 stumping dismissals to his name. In fact he holds the record of most number of stumping dismissals in international cricket which is 161. He has 148 stumping dismissals in 439 matches as a captain.
5. Dhoni is known for his hard-hitting and power finishing ability. He is also famous for hitting the winning runs by a six. As a captain, he has hit the most international sixes which is 204.
6. Dhoni also holds the record of bowling the maximum number of times in international cricket while being a wicket-keeper.
MS Dhoni Test Record
1. The most notable Test record for Dhoni as a captain was that he took his time to the Rank 1 in the Test rankings for the first time in 2009.
2. From his debut as a Test captain, Dhoni has the record for the longest unbeaten run with 8 wins and 3 draws (total 11) in Tests, surpassing the former Australian captain Warwick Armstrong who had 10.
3. Dhoni is also the first Indian wicketkeeper who has made more than 4000 runs in longer format of the game.
4. Dhoni has the greater number of Test wins as a captain with 27 wins, surpassing Sourav Ganguly’s best of 21 wins.
5. Dhoni has also got a bad record as an Indian captain to have lost 15 overseas Test matches.
6. Dhoni scored his first Test century (148) against Pakistan at Faisalabad, which is regarded as the fastest century by any Indian wicketkeeper and the record is fourth overall from the entire world.
7. Dhoni hit more than 50 sixes as an Indian captain, and the 50th one was against England in the third test match in Southampton.
8. Dhoni shares a joint record with Syed Kirmani for the highest number of dismissals (6) in an innings, and all total 9 dismissals in a match by an Indian wicketkeeper.
9. Dhoni has the highest number of dismissals (294), which is a record in the list of Indian wicketkeepers.
10. Dhoni is the second wicketkeeper after Denis Lindsay of South Africa, to have 6 dismissals in an innings and score fifty runs in both the innings of the same Test match.
11. Dhoni made 224 against Australia in Chennai, which is the third highest score by an Indian captain. He surpassed the previous score of 192 made by Indian wicketkeeper Budhi Kunderan and also surpassed 164 made by wicketkeeper-captain Englishman Alec Stewart.
MS Dhoni ODI Record
1. Dhoni has won 110 ODI matches as captain of India, second to Australia’s Ponting who won 165 matches. The next best Indian captain after Dhoni is Mohammad Azharuddin, who won 90 ODIs.
Dhoni captained in 199 ODIs, one short of the 200-club which consists of Ponting (230) and Stephen Fleming (218).
2. Dhoni made 6633 runs in ODIs as a captain which is second to Ponting’s 8497 runs. Dhoni’s average is 53.92 in ODIs as captain which is second to AB de Villiers, who has scored 4219 runs while playing 87 ODIs as captain and has an average of 65.92.
3. Dhoni has hit 126 sixes as captain of the ODI team and surpassed previous record of Ponting (123) when he hit a six in his last series as captain against New Zealand at Mohali.
4. Dhoni has won 15 Man of the Match awards as ODI team captain. Sanath Jayasuriya, Ricky Ponting and Arjuna Ranatunga have all won 19 Man of the Match awards.
5. In winning causes in an ODI match, Dhoni has an average of 70.83 which third highest by any captain among the captains who has scored a minimum of 1000 runs in winning causes.
6. Dhoni remained not out for 26 times in successful ODI chases, which is the highest, followed by Arjuna Ranatunga who has 22 such innings.
7. Under MS Dhoni as an ODI captain, 65 players have played, which is fourth by any captain. Brian Lara holds this record with 68 players playing under his leadership.
8. Dhoni’s win/loss ratio in multi-tournament finals is 1.750, which is the best for any Indian captain. Azharuddin has a ratio of 1.375 and he ranks second in the list.
9. Dhoni has 67 overseas ODI wins as captain which is the second most. Ponting holds this record with win of more than 100 matches.
10. Dhoni has nine centuries in ODI, among which there are 2 centuries which he has scored at No. 7, which is the most by any batsman.
11. Dhoni scored 183* against Sri Lanka on 31 October 2005 in Jaipur which is the highest by a wicketkeeper in ODI cricket.
12. Dhoni is the first wicketkeeper in the world to effect in 100 ODI stumping dismissals.
Check out this article about virat kholi Biography
MS Dhoni T20I Record
1. Dhoni has led India in 72 T20Is and has won in 41 of them, which is the highest by any captain. Darren Sammy is in the second place with 27 T20I wins.
2. Dhoni has scored 1112 runs in T20Is and is the first captain to cross the 1000-run mark. Faf du Plessis is the second captain to do so.
3. Dhoni holds the record of the most runs scored in T20Is without scoring a fifty in any of them.
4. Dhoni also holds the record of most number of catches (47) as wicketkeeper in T20Is.
5. Dhoni holds the joint record for most catches as wicketkeeper in a single T20I innings (4).
6. Dhoni also holds the record of playing consecutive T20I innings without getting out on a duck (65).
MS Dhoni IPL Record
1. He has become the first cricketer to win 150 T20 matches after Chennai won the final against Hyderabad.
2. He has hit the highest number of sixes (186) and is followed by his CSK teammate Suresh Raina (185).
3. Dhoni is the first captain to lead his team in 150 IPL matches, which he achieved in a match on April 28.
4. He has the maximum stumping dismissal to his name (33) after he stumped Kane Williamson in the final.
5. Dhoni crossed 5000 runs as IPL captain and is the first to do so when he reached the mark against Bangalore on April 25.
6. He broke Gambhir’s record of most runs as IPL captain when he scored 22-ball 51 against Delhi on April 30.
7. Dhoni has now become the wicketkeeper with most number of T20 catches (144), as he reached the feat when he took a catch against Punjab on May 20.
8. MS Dhoni along with Rohit Sharma are the two captains who have won the IPL title three times.
Read out cricket quotes of legendary players